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An Empirical Application of New Macroeconomic Theory”,

Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, Vol.2, No.3, pp.193-201.

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1. Kasalak, S. (2006) Military spending multiplier of Turkey: an empirical analysis for Turkey.

MA Thesis in Management, Bilkent University, Turkey.

http://www.thesis.bilkent.edu.tr/0003063.pdf

 

2. Turk, H.K. (2007) “Turk savunma sanayinin ekonomik etkileri ve savunma harcamalari

buyume iliskisinin ekonometrik modellenmesi”,

MA Thesis in Economics, Cukurova University, Turkey.

http://sosyalbilimler.cu.edu.tr/tezler/1015.pdf

 

3. Sekmen, F. and Saribas, H. (2007) “Causality among defense expenditures,

economic growth and the level of exchange rate in Turkey”,

The Empirical Economics Letters, Vol. 6, No.3, pp.193-203.

 http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/8736/1/Fuat_Paper_Turkey_May_2007_Issue.pdf

 

4.  Ozsoy, O. (2008) “Defence spending and the macroeconomy: the case of Turkey”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.19, No.3, pp.195-208.

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a792047159~db=all~order=page

 

5. Dicle, B. and Dicle, M. F. (2008) “Are there any factors affecting

the causal relationship between military spending and GDP growth?,

Working Papers, Loyala University, New Orleans.

http://www.lclark.edu/~pnwpsa/2008/DIcle.pdf  

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1395009

 

6. Dicle, B. and Dicle, M. F. (2008) “Military spending and GDP: is there a general causal relationship?”,

SSRN Research Papers, No:1395007.

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1395007

 

7. Yaya, K. (2008) “Depenses publiques et croissance economique en Cote d’Ivoire: une approche en terme de casusalite”,

Politique Economique et Development, No.138, Centre Ivoirien de Recherche Economique et Sociale (CIRES), Coted’Ivoire.

http://capec-ci.org/docs/publications/PED138.pdf

 

8. Gorkem, H. and Isik, S. (2008) “Turkiye’de savunma harcamlari ve ekonomik buyume arasindaki iliski (1968-2006)”,

Marmara Universitesi IIBF Dergisi, Cilt.25, No.2, ss.405-424.

http://iibf.marmara.edu.tr/dosya/fakulte/iibfdergi_2008_2/18-TURKIYEDE-SAVUNMA-HARCAMALARI-VE-EKONOMIK-BUYUME.pdf

 

9. Turk, H. K. (2008) “Turk savunma sanayinin ekonomik etkileri ve savunma harcamalari buyume iliskisinin ekonometrik modellenmesi”,

MSc Thesis in Economics, Cukurova University, Turkey.

http://sosyalbilimler.cu.edu.tr/tezler/1015.pdf

 

10. Atesoglu, H. S. (2009) “Defense spending and aggregate output in the United States”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol. 20, No.1, pp.21-26.

DOI: 10.1080/10242690701775533

http://pdfserve.informaworld.com/288381_758064766_906882050.pdf

 

11. Wijeweera, A. and Webb, M. J. (2009) “Military spending and economic growth in Sri Lanka: a time series analysis”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol. 20, No.6, pp.499-508.

DOI: 10.1080/10242690902868301

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a917571125&db=all

 

12. Wahid, L. (2009) Military Expenditure and Economic Growth in Middle East.

Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN:978-0-230-22017-1

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Military-Expenditure-Economic-Growth-Middle/dp/0230220177

 

13. Wijeweera, A. and Webb, M. J. (2010) “Using the Feder-Ram and military Keynesian models to examine

the link between defence spending and economic growth in Sri Lanka”,

Conference Paper, 12th International Business Research Conference, 8-9 April 2010, Dubai, UAE.

http://www.wbiconpro.com/242-Albert.pdf

http://www.worldbizconference.com/Conprog-Dubai2010_new.pdf

 

14. Sahin, A. and Cetinkaya, M. (2010) “New evidence for Turkey on the relationship between defense spending and aggregate output”,

European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.13, No.3, pp.437-462.

http://www.eurojournals.com/ejss_13_3_11.pdf

 

15. Pradhan, R.P. (2010) “Defense spending and economic growth in China, India, Nepal and Pakistan:

evidence from cointegrated panel analysis”,

International Journal of Economics and Finance, Vol.12, No.4, pp.65-74.

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ijef/article/view/7928/5936

 

16.  Ozsoy, O. and Ipek, E. (2010) “The relationship between defense spending and macroeconomic variables”,

International Journal of Economics and Finance Studies, Vol.2, No.1, pp.103-111.

http://www.sobiad.org/eJOURNALS/journal_IJEF/archieves/2010_1/13onur_ozsoy.pdf

 

17. Pradhan, R.P. (2010) “Modelling the nexus between defense spending and economic growth in Asean-5:

evidence from cointegrated panel analysis”,

African Journal of Political Sciences and Industrial Relations, Vol.4, No.8, pp.297-307.

http://www.academicjournals.org/AJPSIR/PDF/pdf2010/November/Pradhan.pdf

 

18. Dunne, J. P. and Nikolaidou, E. (2011) “Defence spending and economic growth in the EU15”,

Conference Paper, presented at 14th International Conference on Economics and Security,

17-18 June, Izmir, Turkey.

http://carecon.org.uk/DPs/1102.pdf

http://ekolider.ieu.edu.tr/eab/DEFENCE2010/index.php

 

19. Feridun, M., Sawhney, B., Shahbaz, M. (2011) “The impact of military spending on economic growth:

The case of north Cyprus”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.22, No.5, pp.555-562.

DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2011.562370

 

20. Shahbaz, M., Shabbir, M.S., Butt, M.S. (2011) “Does military spending explore external debt in Pakistan?”,

MPRA Papers, No.30429.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/30429/1/MPRA_paper_30429.pdf

 

21. Tiwari, A,, Shahbaz, M. (2011) “Does defence spending stimulate economic growth in India?”,

MPRA Papers, No.30880.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenc20hen.de/30880/

 

22. Shahbaz, et al. (2011) “Does defence spending impede economic growth? Cointegration and causality analysis for Pakistan”,

MPRA Papers, No.30887.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/30887/

 

23. Husnein, M.I., Shaheen , F. (2011) “Defense expenditure-growth nexus: empirical evidence from selected South Asian countries”,

Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, Vol.3, No.3, pp.163-169.

http://journal-archieves7.webs.com/Aug011.pdf

 

24. Enimola, S.S., Akoko, A. (2011) “Defense expenditure and economic growth: the Nigeria experience 1977-2006”,

Botswana Journal of Economics, Vol.8, No.12, pp.26-44.

http://www.ajol.info/index.php/boje

www.ajol.info/index.php/boje/article/viewFile/72976/61867

25. Lahmy, P. (2011) “Acquisition policy of war materials in Turkey”,

MA Thesis in Economics, Paris II Pantheon University.

http://attaquedefense.files.wordpress.com/2014/05/mc3a9moire-politique-acquisition-armement-turquie.pdf.

 

26. Yetkiner, I.H. (2012) “Defense spending and economic growth: a theoretical manifestation for empirical studies”,

Working Papers, No:12/02, Izmir University of Economics, Turkey.

http://eco.ieu.edu.tr/wp-content/wp1202.pdf

 

27. Aksogan, G., Elveren, A.Y. (2012) “Defence, health and education expenditures and income inequality in Turkey: an econometric analysis”,

Sosyoekonomi, No.1, pp.263-280.

http://www.sosyoekonomi.hacettepe.edu.tr/120112.pdf

 

28. Wijeweera, A. and Webb, M. J. (2012) “Using the Feder-Ram and military Keynesian models to examine

the link between defence spending and economic growth in Sri Lanka”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.23, No.3, pp.303-311.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242694.2011.593352?journalCode=gdpe20#preview

 

29. Shahbaz, M., Shabbir, M.S. (2012) “Military spending and economic growth in Pakistan: new evidence from rolling window approach”,

Ekonomska Istrazivanja (Economic Research), Vol.25, No.1,pp.144-159.

http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=118978

 

30. Shahbaz, M., Nuno, C. L., Ghazi, S. U. (2012) “Should Portuguese economy invest in defense spending? A revisit”,

MPRA Papers, No.42289.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/42289/

 

31. Tsasa, J. P. (2012) “Civil wars and economic growth in DRC”,

MPRA Papers, No.42424.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/42424/1/MPRA_paper_42424.pdf

 

32. Ageli, M. M., Zaidan, S. M. (2013) “Consequential effects of defence expenditure on economic growth of Saudi Arabia: 1970-2012”,

MPRA Papers, No.46590.

http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/46590/

 

33. Dicle, B., Dicle, M. F. (2012) “Causal relationship between military spending and GDP growth: sequential or instantaneous ? ”,

SSRN Papers,

http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1395009

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1395009

 

34. Eryigit, S. B., Eryigit, K. Y., Selen, U. (2012) “The long-run linkages between education, health and defence expenditures and economic growth: evidence from Turkey”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.23, No.6, pp.559-574.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242694.2012.663577

 

35. Dunne, J. P. and Nikolaidou, E. (2012) “Defence spending and economic growth in the EU15”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.23, No.6, 537-548.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242694.2012.663575

 

36. Tiwar, A. K., Shahbaz, M. (2013) “Does defence spending stimulate economic growth in India? A revisit”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.24, No.4, pp.371-395.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242694.2012.710814

 

37. Shahbaz, M., Afza, T., Shahbir, M.S. (2013) “Does defence spending impede economic growth? Cointegration and causality analysis for Pakistan”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.24, No.2, pp.105-120.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10242694.2012.723159

 

38. Ageli, M. M., Zaidan, S. M. (2013) “Consequential effects of defence expenditure on economic growth of Saudi Arabia: 1970-2012”,

International Journal of Economics and Finance, Vol.5, No.2, pp.155-163.

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39. Oriarwote, V. E., Eshenake, S. J. (2013) “A vector error correction modeling of security spending and economic growth in Nigeria”,

Accounting and Finance Research, Vol.2, No.2, pp.59-68.

http://www.sciedu.ca/journal/index.php/afr/article/view/2727/1586

 

40. Shahbaz, M., Nuno, C. L., Ghazi, S. U., Arrouri, U., Teulon, F.  (2013) “Should Portuguese economy invest in defense spending? A revisit”,

Economic Modelling, Vol.35, pp.805-815.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02649993

 

41. El Husseiny,  I.A., Al Sayed, Q.,, El Sayed, S. (2013) “ Does the military public expenditure matter for economic growth? Evidence  from Egypt during the period (1981/1982-2011/2012)”,

Advances in Management and Applied Economics, Vol.3, No.6, pp.265-287.

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42. Malizard, J. (2013) “Is there military Keynesianism? An evaluation the case of France based on disaggregated data”,

Working Papers, No:2013-04, Document de travail ART-Dev, University of Montpellier, France.

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43. Tongur, U., Elveren, A.Y. (2013) “The impact of military spending and income inequality on economic growth in Turkey, 1963-2008”,

Conference Paper, presented at EY International Conference on Economics I, 24-25 October 2013, Ankara, Turkey.

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44. Pradhan, R.P., Arvin, M.B., Norman, N.R., Bhinder, H.K. (2014) “Military expenditure and economic growth: using causality, cointegration and missing variables”,

Computational Economics and Econometrics, Vol.3, Nos 3-4, pp.164-186.

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45. Feridun, M. (2014) “Foreign aid fungibility and military spending: the case of North Cyprus”,

Defence and Peace Economics, Vol.25, No.5, pp.499-508.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10242694.2013.763628

 

46. Shahbaz, M., Nuno, C. L., Ghazi, S. U. (2014) “Should Portuguese economy invest in defense spending? A revisit”,

Working Papers, No:2014-380, IPAG Business School, Paris.

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47. Chen, Q. (2014) “Causality and co-integration relationships between defense expenditure and economic growth in China”.

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48. Gastonfils, L.L. (2014) “Public spending and economic growth in DR Comgo”,

MA Thesis in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Younde II/Soa, DR Congo.

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49. Shahbaz, M., Shahbaz, M.S., Butt, M.S. (2013) “Does military spending explode external debt in Pakistan?”,

Defence and Peace Economics, (Article in Press).

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50. Alexander, W.R.J. (2014) “The Keynesian IS-MR model and military spending”,

Defence and Peace Economics, (Article in Press).

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51. Tongur, U., Elveren, A.Y. (2014) “The impact of military spending and income inequality on economic growth in Turkey”,

Defence and Peace Economics, (Article in Press).

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